Yalta (Crimea)


The first written mention ot the town under the name ot Dzhalita refers to the 12th c. In the Middle Ages it was a rather large settlement named ditterently on geographic maps: Dzhalita, Hialita, Kallita, Etalita.

In 1475 Yalta, like other settlements on the Southern Coast ot the Crimea, fell under the power of the Turks.
The war between the Ottoman Empire and Russia for the Crimea continued for almost 100 years and ended in the victory ot the Russian army.
In 1787 the manifesto by Catherine II consolidated the power of Russian czars over the peninsula.
Since 1800 Yalta became a fashionable aristocratic resort. New palaces and villas were built there.

Valta is not only a resort centre, it is also a centre of international tourism, one of the major cruise points on the Black sea.
In Yalta's territory and its vicinlties there are many monuments of nature, history and culture, as well as memorable places associated with the names of outstanding figures in science and culture.